Trabalho informal puxou aumento da taxa de ocupação, diz Ipea

A geração de vagas de trabalho informais – sem carteira assinada – foi responsável pelo aumento da taxa de ocupação no país no trimestre encerrado em janeiro, enquanto o ritmo de criação de novas vagas formais vem perdendo fôlego nos últimos meses, mostrou estudo divulgado hoje (20) pelo Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (Ipea).

Segundo a Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (Pnad), do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), o crescimento da taxa de ocupação perdeu força. O estudo divulgado pelo Ipea faz uma análise dos dados do IBGE, que revelam que, no início de 2018, a taxa crescia a 2% na comparação com o ano anterior. No trimestre encerrado em janeiro deste ano a alta foi de 0,9%. 

“Além de fraco, o aumento da ocupação aconteceu, basicamente, nos setores informais da economia”, informa um trecho da seção Mercado de Trabalho, do boletim Carta de Conjuntura do Ipea, que também usa dados do Cadastro Geral de Emprego e Desemprego (Caged). “Adicionalmente, nota-se que quase um quarto dos empregos formais criados foram baseados em contratos de trabalho parciais ou intermitentes”. 

Apesar de a geração de vagas informais puxar o crescimento da ocupação, o Ipea avalia que a desaceleração da taxa de 2% para 0,9% se deve à perda de intensidade no crescimento das vagas sem carteira assinada. No início de 2018, a criação de novas vagas informais era de 7,3%, enquanto no trimestre encerrado em janeiro deste ano, a expansão foi de 3%.

Nos três meses encerrados em janeiro, a variação das vagas formais foi de -0,4%, resultado que se repetiu no trimestre anterior. O saldo negativo dos empregos com carteira assinada vem perdendo força desde o segundo trimestre de 2016, quando a queda chegou a 3,6%.

“Em suma, os dados da Pnad Contínua indicam que o emprego formal vinha apontando uma trajetória de retrações cada vez menores e de taxas de permanência cada vez maiores até meados de 2018. A partir daí, há uma estagnação nesses indicadores”, analisam os economistas do Ipea.

Enquanto a taxa de ocupação geral subiu 0,9% nos três meses encerrados em janeiro, o indicador teve variação negativa de 1,3%, quando avaliados os jovens de 18 a 24 anos. Segundo o Ipea, os jovens nessa faixa etária têm menos chances de serem contratados e mais chances de serem demitidos. A persistência da taxa de desemprego também afeta mais os menos escolarizados, segundo o instituto. 

O tempo de permanência no desemprego também vem crescendo, sublinha o Ipea nos dados do IBGE. O percentual de trabalhadores que procuram emprego há dois anos ou mais cresceu ao longo de 2018 até chegar a 26% no último trimestre. “Consequentemente, no último trimestre do ano passado, 48% dos desocupados se mantiveram nesta situação durante todo o período”, diz o boletim.

Outro dado apontado pelo Ipea é a alta do percentual de residências sem renda proveniente do trabalho. De acordo com o estudo, 22,2% dos domicílios brasileiros estavam nessa situação no último trimestre de 2018, enquanto, no fim de 2017, o percentual era de 21,5%. Em números absolutos, 16 milhões das 72 milhões de residências brasileiras não possuem renda proveniente do trabalho.

Também houve variação positiva dos percentuais de domicílios com renda muito baixa e alta. No quarto trimestre de 2018, 30,1% das residências tinham renda menor que R$ 1.601,18 no país, enquanto, no fim de 2017, a fatia era de 29,8%. Já os domicílios com renda superior a R$ 16.011,84 passaram de 2% para 2,1% do total.

29 Comentários

  • I just want to mention I am just newbie to blogging and definitely loved your web-site. More than likely I’m want to bookmark your blog . You really have amazing articles and reviews. Cheers for sharing with us your website.

  • Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and net and this is actually irritating. A good blog with interesting content, this is what I need. Thank you for keeping this website, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

  • Howdy very nice web site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally¡KI am glad to find a lot of useful info right here in the put up, we want work out more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  • F*ckin’ amazing things here. I’m very satisfied to look your post. Thanks so much and i am looking ahead to touch you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  • After reading many of your blogposts I staleness say i launch this fact one to mostly be top notch. I soul a weblog also and require to repost a few shears of your articles on my own diary site. Should it be alright if I use this as eternal I own testimonial your web blog or create a inward unification to your article I procured the snipping from? If not I realise and could not do it without having your tolerance . I change accumulation scarred this article to sound and zynga calculate intended for remark. Anyway realize it either way!

  • Everything is very open with a precise explanation of the issues. It was definitely informative. Your website is useful. Thank you for sharing!

  • I cherished up to you will receive carried out proper here. The comic strip is attractive, your authored material stylish. however, you command get bought an edginess over that you wish be handing over the following. ill definitely come further formerly once more as exactly the similar just about a lot continuously inside case you shield this increase.

  • Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  • I’ve observed that in the world the present moment, video games include the latest craze with children of all ages. There are occassions when it may be not possible to drag the kids away from the activities. If you want the very best of both worlds, there are several educational gaming activities for kids. Thanks for your post.

  • Hey very cool web site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds also…I am happy to find so many useful information here in the post, we need develop more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  • I seriously love your site.. Great colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself? Please reply back as I’m attempting to create my own personal blog and would love to find out where you got this from or just what the theme is called. Thanks.

  • I am extremely impressed along with your writing talents as well as with the layout in your weblog. Is that this a paid subject or did you customize it yourself? Anyway stay up the excellent high quality writing, it is rare to peer a great blog like this one nowadays..

  • A different issue is really that video gaming became one of the all-time most significant forms of fun for people spanning various ages. Kids enjoy video games, plus adults do, too. Your XBox 360 is among the favorite games systems for folks who love to have a lot of games available to them, plus who like to learn live with some others all over the world. Thanks for sharing your thinking.

  • I figured out more new things on this weight loss issue. One issue is a good nutrition is very vital if dieting. A huge reduction in fast foods, sugary foodstuff, fried foods, sugary foods, beef, and white colored flour products can be necessary. Holding wastes parasites, and poisons may prevent desired goals for losing weight. While specific drugs briefly solve the problem, the unpleasant side effects aren’t worth it, and so they never present more than a short-lived solution. It’s a known idea that 95% of dietary fads fail. Thanks for sharing your opinions on this blog.

  • I truly appreciate this post. I have been looking everywhere for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thank you again!

  • I like what you guys are up also. Such intelligent work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website :).

  • hello there and thanks in your info – I’ve certainly picked up something new from right here. I did on the other hand expertise several technical points using this website, since I skilled to reload the web site many instances prior to I may get it to load properly. I have been thinking about if your hosting is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading cases times will very frequently have an effect on your placement in google and could damage your high quality ranking if advertising and ***********|advertising|advertising|advertising and *********** with Adwords. Well I am including this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for much more of your respective exciting content. Ensure that you replace this again soon..

  • My brother suggested I may like this web site. He was once totally right. This put up actually made my day. You can not believe just how much time I had spent for this information! Thank you!

  • Thanks for another excellent article. The place else may just anybody get that kind of info in such an ideal means of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I am at the look for such info.

  • You could certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. All the time follow your heart. “What power has law where only money rules.” by Gaius Petronius.

  • Generally I don’t read post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to try and do so! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice article.

Deixe um comentário

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado.

Twitter Auto Publish Powered By :