Senado aprova projeto que retoma benefício para setor de refrigerante

O Senado Federal aprovou projeto de decreto que derruba decisão do governo federal que alterava a alíquota do Imposto sobre Produto Industrializado (IPI) incidente sobre o xarope usado para a produção de refrigerantes. A medida foi uma demanda da bancada do Amazonas por, segundo os parlamentares, afetar empresas instaladas na Zona Franca de Manaus. O projeto segue para apreciação da Câmara dos Deputados. 

Em 30 de maio deste ano, o governo editou o Decreto 9.394, que reduzia a alíquota sobre o xarope utilizado na produção de refrigerantes de 20% para 4%. Contudo, a redução tornou a alíquota a mesma cobrada no produto final, a diferença nos percentuais era aproveitada pelas empresas de refrigerante por gerava créditos que eram usados para abater impostos.

O decreto foi uma das medidas adotadas pelo governo para financiar a queda do preço do diesel prometida aos caminhoneiros. A expectativa era arrecadar R$ 740 milhões este ano com a mudança, já que as empresas instaladas na Zona Franca são isentas. 

Plenário do Senado vota projeto de Decreto Legislativo que susta decreto que alterou IPI de insumos de refrigerantes.

Plenário do Senado derruba decreto que alterou IPI sobre extrato concentrado de refrigerantes – Fabio Rodrigues Pozzebom/Agência Brasil


Para reverter a mudança, parlamentares da bancada do Amazonas entraram com duas propostas de projetos de decreto, com o objetivo de defender a manutenção do regime anterior para os fabricantes da Zona Franca. Do outro lado, estavam parlamentares de outros estados em defesa de empresas do mesmo segmento, que reclamam de concorrência desleal.

No projeto de decreto, a autora, senadora Vanessa Grazziotin (PCdoB – AM), justificou a derrubada da medida do governo pelos prejuízos que trouxe às indústrias de bebidas não alcoólicas, responsáveis por boa parte do faturamento do polo industrial. Na sessão, senadores do estado reclamaram da alteração da carga tributária, o que segundo eles não teria amparo legal. “O decreto é ilegal. Não houve sequer noventena [prazo de pelo menos três meses antes de validade de novo tributo]”, afirmou o senador Omar Aziz (PSD-AM).

A senadora Ana Amélia (PP-RS) criticou o projeto de decreto pelas perdas para as empresas gaúchas. “Embora a legalidade do pleito dos senadores do Amazonas, como senadora do Rio Grande tenho que pensar e defender os interesses do meu estado”, disse.

Ela foi seguida por parlamentares de outros estados. “Elas [empresas da Zona Franca] não pagam imposto e recebem em crédito. No momento em que o governo fecha farmácias populares, vamos dar R$ 7 bilhões de subsídio para a Coca-cola? É um privilégio a grandes empresas”, afirmou o senador Lindberg Farias (PT-RJ).

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