Revisão do Tratado de Itaipu será desafio, diz presidente do Paraguai

O presidente do Paraguai, Mario Abdo Benítez, disse hoje (12) que a revisão do Tratado de Itaipu será um desafio para o Brasil e o Paraguai. Abdo se reuniu com o presidente Jair Bolsonaro, no Palácio do Planalto, durante sua visita oficial ao país.

“Hoje tocamos em pontos que trazem desafios para a nossa relação, como Itaipu. Seja qual for o processo da negociação, estou seguro que, assim como foi no início, vai seguir sendo benéfica para ambos os povos, fortalecendo nossa conectividade”, disse.

Os dois países se preparam para a revisão do Anexo C do Tratado de Itaipu, que dispõe sobre as bases financeiras do empreendimento. A binacional do Brasil e do Paraguai conta com orçamento anual de US$ 3,5 bilhões, dos quais 70% destinam-se ao pagamento da dívida da construção, que deverá ser quitada até dezembro de 2022, quando vence do Anexo C do tratado.

Hoje, cada país tem direito a metade da energia produzida pela usina, mas o Paraguai usa apenas cerca de 15% do total. Pelo tratado, o Brasil tem preferência de compra da energia excedente dos paraguaios. Esse é um dos termos que o Paraguai quer rever na negociação, para que o país tenha mais autonomia sobre sua energia excedente, abrindo a possibilidade, por exemplo, de venda para outros países ou ainda de colocar no livre mercado do Brasil.

A usina é recordista mundial de geração de energia, com mais de 2,6 bilhões de megawatts-horas (MWh) acumulados desde o início de sua produção, em 1984. No ano passado, com 96,6 milhões MWh de energia gerada, a usina abasteceu 15% do mercado de energia elétrica brasileiro e 90% do paraguaio.

Novas pontes

Bolsonaro e Abdo também conversaram sobre a construção de mais duas pontes entre Brasil e Paraguai, que devem custar cerca de US$ 70 milhões, cada uma.

Um das pontes será construída sobre o Rio Paraná e ligará a cidade paranaense de Foz do Iguaçu à cidade paraguaia de Puerto Presidente Franco. Essa ficará a cargo do Brasil e deverá servir para desafogar o intenso fluxo na Ponte da Amizade, que liga Foz do Iguaçu à Ciudad del Este. A obra será custeada pela margem brasileira de Itaipu Binacional.

A outra ponte, sobre o Rio Paraguai, que ficará a cargo do país vizinho, será custeada pela margem paraguaia de Itaipu. Essa ponte ligará a cidade de Porto Murtinho, no Mato Grosso do Sul, a Carmelo Peralta, no Paraguai. O objetivo é facilitar o acesso ao Oceano Pacífico.

Após reuniões no Palácio do Planalto, os dois presidentes deram declarações à imprensa e seguiram para o Palácio Itamaraty, onde foi oferecido um almoço a Abdo. Ele embarca ainda hoje de volta à Assunção, capital do Paraguai.

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