Brasil perderá status de país livre do sarampo após caso no Pará

O Brasil perderá o certificado de paíse livre do sarampo. O Ministério da Saúde informou, nesta terça-feira (19), à Organização Pan-Americana de Saúde (Opas) o registro de um caso de sarampo endêmico no Pará, em 23 de fevereiro deste ano. Desta forma, o país iniciará um plano com duração de um ano para retomar o statu. Com isso, o Brasil perderá a certificação de país livre da doença e iniciará o plano para retomar o título, concedido pela Opas em 2016, dentro dos próximos 12 meses.

Em comunicado, o ministro Luiz Henrique Mandetta informou que as taxas de vacinação caíram muito nos últimos anos e precisam voltar ao patamar de 95%. “Nosso plano consiste em encaminhar medidas importantes ao Congresso Nacional, como a exigência do certificado de vacinação, não impeditiva, de ingresso na escola e no serviço militar. Reforçaremos, ainda, o monitoramento da vacinação, por meio dos programas de integração de renda e como norma para os trabalhadores de saúde”, disse. O ministro acrescentou que uma secretaria será criada para monitorar os índices de imunização no país.

Outra medida é a veiculação de uma campanha, em abril, para estimular a vacinação contra a doenças no estados do Amazonas, Roraima e Pará, que, desde o ano passado, registram a transmissão ativa do vírus. O foco da imunização são crianças de seis meses a menores de cinco anos, público com menor indicador imunização e mais vulnerável.

Os primeiros casos da doença foram identificados em fevereiro de 2018. A partir desses casos, o bloqueio vacinal foi intensificado, com campanhas específicas em Roraima e em Manaus no primeiro semestre. A campanha nacional para as crianças ocorreu em agosto.

Sarampo

De acordo com o Ministério da Saúde, até 19 de março deste ano, 48 casos de sarampo foram confirmados no Brasil, sendo 20 importados e 28 endêmicos. Dos casos endêmicos, 23 foram registrados no Pará e cinco no Amazonas.

Em 2018, o país teve 10.326 casos da doença, com pico em julho (3.950 casos).

Dia D de mobilização da Campanha Nacional de Vacinação contra a Poliomielite e Sarampo.

Com casos endêmicos no norte do país, Brasil perderá certificado de país livre do sarampo – Arquivo/Marcelo Camargo/Agência Brasil

A vacina contra o sarampo está disponível nos postos de saúde.

A doença provoca infecções respiratórias, otites, diarreia e doenças neurológicas. Algumas das sequelas são redução da capacidade mental, cegueira, surdez e retardo do crescimento. Nos casos mais graves, o sarampo pode levar à morte.

O Brasil recebeu o certificado, em 2016, após a Opas ter considerado que o país havia eliminado a doença. No ano anterior, o país havia registrado os últimos casos da doença.

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